The arrival of the American troops and their equipment has increased the Allied forces. By 1942, all Allied troops were better organized. The Navy was stronger than that of the axis. The Allied troops were also the new detection device: radar. The Americans continued their fighting in the Pacific to slow down the Japanese expansion. American forces took advantage of a new force in the marine combat: aircraft carriers.
on July 10, 1943, the Allies arrived in Sicily, causing the dismissal and death of Mussolini. The armistice was negotiated when the Germans launched an intervention that allowed them to take control of Italy in September 1943.
The Soviet offensives
After the victory at Stalingrad, Soviet troops took over on the German troops. They continued their progression to Berlin and beyond. Folded, the Germans lost the city under Russian pressure. In 1944, the Russians were in Poland.
In addition to local governments, several collaborators promoted the rise of Nazism and German strength. Germany benefited from its many economic and industrial collaborators. Several companies were working for the German army. Several of them bought the businesses that had once belonged to the Jews. The Nazi conquests also encouraged the growth of Swiss and Swedish banks, thanks to the gold and wealth confiscated from the Jews and stored in the banks of these neutral countries.
In fact, the political context and German power ensured that all those who traded in favor of the nazi Party made fortunes during the war, even for the Black Market organizers during the war in rationing countries. The nazis also benefited from the scientific research of their collaborators: creation of a substitute for oil, manufacture of the atomic bomb, etc.several writers collaborated with the nazi Party, which facilitated the propaganda of their ideologies.
The looting of defeated nations
The conquered countries had to pay for the maintenance of the army. The Nazi leaders exploited raw materials and foodstuffs. All labour was employed in the local factories (supervised and controlled) or was deported to Germany to work in the factories. Prisoners and prisoners in the camps carried out forced labour for the benefit of German companies. It was this systematic plunder that made Germany ever stronger, in spite of the great expenses incurred since the beginning of the war.
When Germany began to run out of male labour (all the men were at the front), it turned to imported labour : prisoners, volunteers, requisitions. At the heart of the war, 12 to 14 million foreigners were working in Germany.
In the conquered countries, the armies had stopped fighting and the Germans were in charge of administration. However, the population did not give up. Several people took part in the resistance. This resistance was organized through London, where some governments (Norway, Belgium, Poland) had taken refuge. In France, the resistance was led by Charles De Gaulle and gathered 70,000 men in the autumn of 1941. Several resistance groups were formed simultaneously in German France.
Charles de Gaulle, leader of the French resistance
On May 27, 1943, the first meeting of the National Council of resistance was held in Paris. This council aimed to unify the resistance movements in order to better organize the actions. The British, still undefeated, supported the underground press, ensured communication between the resistance and took part in parachuting arms and equipment. In 1944, they were instrumental in preparing for the Normandy invasion.
At the same time, Communist resistance groups received orders from Moscow and participated in Acts of sabotage, escapes and counter-propaganda. As a security measure, all members of the resistance frequently had to change their name and place of residence. To avoid threats against their families, they had to leave them. Each member of the resistance knew only a few members of the network. In this way, if they were imprisoned or tortured, the network would still work. The people of the population participating effectively in these movements by hiding jews, providing material, plans and information obtained by working with the Germans. Several of them also committed acts of sabotage that were detrimental to Nazi communications and transportation.